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The parliamentary system in Romania

The Parliament is the supreme representative body of the Romanian people and the sole legislative authority of the country. Parliament consists of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. The Chamber of Deputies and the Senate shall be elected by universal, equal, direct, secret and freely expressed suffrage, in accordance with the electoral law.

The Chamber of Deputies and the Senate shall be elected for a term of office of four years. Each chamber shall elect its Standing Bureau. The President of the Chamber of Deputies and the President of the Senate shall be elected for the Chambersè term of office. The other members of the Standing Bureaus shall be elected at the opening of each session. The members of the Standing Bureaus may be dismissed before the expiry of the term of office.

Deputies and senators may be organized into parliamentary groups, according to the Standing Orders of each Chamber. Each Chamber shall set up standing committees and may institute inquiry committees or other special committees. The Chambers may set up joint committees. The Standing Bureaus and the parliamentary committees shall be made up so as to reflect the political spectrum of each Chamber.

The Chamber of Deputies and the Senate shall meet in separate sittings. The two Chambers may also meet in joint sittings for specific subjects (to receive the message of the President of Romania, appointments). The Chamber of Deputies and the Senate shall meet in two ordinary sessions every year. The first session begins in February and is due to last by the end of June at the latest. The second session begins in September and is due to last by the end of December at the latest. The Chamber of Deputies and the Senate shall also meet in extraordinary sessions, at the request of the President of Romania, of the Standing Bureau of each Chamber or of at least one third of the number of deputies or senators. The Chamber of Deputies and the Senate shall pass laws and carry resolutions and motions, in the presence of the majority of the members. The sittings of both Chambers shall be public.