Parliament passes constitutional, organic and ordinary laws. A legislative initiative shall lie, as the case may be, with the Government, deputies, senators or a number of at least 100,000 citizens entitled to vote. The citizens who exercise their right to a legislative initiative must belong to at least one quarter of the countryߴs counties, while in each of these counties or the municipality of Bucharest at least 5,000 signatures should be registered in support of such initiative.
After the first notified Chamber adopts or repeals it, the bill or legislative proposal shall be sent to the other Chamber which will make a final decision.
Organic laws and resolutions concerning the Standing Orders of Chambers shall be passed by the majority vote of the members of each Chamber. Ordinary laws and resolutions shall be passed by the majority vote of the members present in each Chamber. At the request of the Government or on its own initiative, Parliament may pass bills or legislative proposals under an emergency procedure, established in accordance with the Standing Orders of each Chamber.
A law shall be submitted for promulgation to the President of Romania. Promulgation of the law shall be given within 20 days at the most after the receipt of the law. Before promulgation, the President of Romania may return the law to Parliament for reconsideration, and he may do so only once. In case the President has requested that law be reconsidered or review has been asked for as to its conformity with the Constitution, promulgation of the law shall be made within 10 days from receiving the law passed after its reconsideration or the decision of the Constitutional Courtߴs confirming its constitutionality.
The law shall be published in the Official Gazette of Romania and come into force 3 days after its publication date, or on a subsequent date stipulated in its text.
In the exercise of its right of legislative initiative, the Government shall submit draft laws to the Chamber. The deputies, senators and citizens stipulated under art. 74 of the Constitution of Romania, republished, may submit legislative proposals to the Chamber of Deputies. They must be accompanied by a statement of reasons and drawn up in the form required for draft laws. Deputies may also present draft decisions of the Chamber of Deputies. The President of the Standing Bureau shall request the opinion of the Legislative Council and the point of view or information, as the case may be, by the Government.
The Standing Bureau will set up the committee notified on the subject, the endorsement committees, the time limit for submitting the report on the respective legislative proposal, and shell refer the draft for debate and for drawing up the report.
As regards legislative proposals initiated by citizens, prior to their referring to the deputies and the notification on the subject of the competent standing committee, the President of the Chamber of Deputies shall call upon the Constitutional Court to verify that the constitutional terms are met for the exercise of the legislative initiative.
After examination of and debate on a draft law or legislative proposal, the standing committee or the standing committees notified on the subject shall draw up a report, within the set time limit. The report shall be referred to the Standing Bureau. The drafts and legislative proposals shall be subject to debate in the Chamber in the order stipulated under the approved agenda, under the Standing Orders.
Deputies, Parliamentary Groups or the Government, under the signature of a Member of the Government shall be entitled to submit amendments to the committee notified on the subject. The amendments brought by the deputies shall be submitted in writing, reasoned, and under the initiatorߴs signature, to the committee notified on the subject, and, if necessary, shall state the Parliamentary Group to which the initiator belongs.
The committee notified on the subject or, as applicable, the special committee shall pronounce on the amendments submitted.
The general debate on a draft law or a legislative proposal shall be preceded by the initiatorߴs statement of reasons for the draftߴs submission and by disclosure of the standing committeeߴs report, presented by the rapporteur who participated in its preparation or by the President of the committee. At the stage of a general debate on a draft or legislative proposal, no amendments may be proposed.
If the report by the Committee notified on the subject proposes rejection of the draft, legislative proposal or draft decision of the Chamber of Deputies, the President shall ask the Chamber to pronounce by putting the matter to the vote after the general debate has been closed. The rejection proposal may be put to the vote in a special voting sitting.
Should the Chamber of Deputies disagree with the rejection proposal, a debate per articles shall be held in a subsequent sitting, in which, according to the agenda, the amendments submitted to the committee notified on the subject and listed in the report as rejected amendments shall be considered. The procedure shall be concluded with a proposal for adoption of the Chamber of Deputiesߴ initiative or decision; or, the President shall refer the report to the Committee notified on the subject, for reconsideration, and a deadline for drawing up a new report shall be set.
The Chamber of Deputies shall proceed to debate on the draft or legislative proposal per articles only when the report by the committee notified on the subject contains admitted or rejected amendments. When discussing the articles to which amendments have been made, the deputies may take the floor to express their point of view. The representative of the Government or of the initiator and the rapporteur of the committee notified on the subject may also take the floor.
The result of the vote - the number of votes "in favour", "against", and the number of abstentions - shall be announced by the chairman of the sitting and recorded in the verbatim report. A draft law or legislative proposal, in the form resulting from the debate per articles, shall be submitted to the Chamber for approval if the lawful quorum requirements are met. The final vote may take place in a sitting dedicated to that purpose, in compliance with the working program approved.